Posted in Uncategorized

The State in a nutshell

WHY SHOULD THE GOVERNMENT (have the
right to) GET INVOLVED in any matter at all ?
 
(1) The government’s duty is to its people. This is true for democracies and
non-democracies.This duty involves preserving the lives and the security of the
people as well as the resources the people need to thrive.The government should
get involved when this duty is being jeopardised.

This foremost duty is the requisite for the other rights that the government has over its people. Without this, the people could be subjected to abuses by the
state.
(This means that this duty has to be put forth EARLY & PROMINENTLY in your
own writing)

(see section on “the EXTENT of involvement” below)

(2) The government should get involved because it has the authority to pass laws that can be enforced in order to solve problems.

(3) The government should get involved because it has the natural, human and financial resources of the country at its disposal to solve problems.

(4) The government should get involved because it has longer-term, broader understanding of issues compared to laymen who may only have their narrow,
personal interests at heart.

(5) The government can bring other stakeholders
– such as the private sector, non-government groups in society and members of civil society – together to solve issues

(6) The government should get involved because it can communicate with other
leaders
to solve issues(ordinary people, even in organised NGOs, are unlikely to have the same connections)

What should the EXTENT of state involvement be ?

It is too naive of any people to assume that the state
will always have the welfare of the people at heart.

State involvement becomes more acceptable if :
(A) there are means to check on the government
(e.g. adherence to international standards of incorruptability &
transparency;
inclusiveness of alternative voices / political
opposition;
fair, democractic elections etc.)
so the people can get out of what they think is bad policy.

(B) the state can get the best talent to
work towards the most effective solutions for the people
(e.g. recruitment into the civil service, co-option into the ruling party, cooperation
/ consultation with private organisations or corporations
etc.)

HOWEVER, there are certain matters considered so private and personal that state imposition could be considered a violation of basic human freedom.

How does the state draw the line ?
– social norms / standards & cultural context of that
particular society
– historical precedent
– universal principles
etc.

CONCLUSION :
– State involvement is necessary on many counts,
BUT will NOT ensure PERFECT
solutions
– The state cannot get involved to the extent of
denying basic individual rights

– The state cannot get involved to the point of denying people the rights to
organise themselves and engage the government on civil platforms

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